Immigration

   Italy is one of the chief destinations of migrants from Albania, Africa, China, Eastern Europe (especially Romania), and the Philippines. Its lengthy coastline invites a commercial traffic of clandestine immigration, and there have been many tragic drownings when boats carrying would-be migrants capsized. More than 2.3 million immigrants, almost all of them comparatively recent arrivals, possessed a permesso di soggiorno (residency permit) in January 2005. This influx of migrants, who have been drawn to Italy by the economic difficulties of Africa and Eastern Europe, the ease with which immigrants can obtain undocumented work on the black market, and the shortage of Italians willing to do jobs involving hard manual labor, has turned Italy into a multicultural society in the space of little more than a decade. As recently as the early 1990s, Italy was a highly homogeneous society. Immigration has been regulated by a series of laws (the “Martelli law” of 1990, the “Turco-Napolitano” law of 1997, and the “Bossi-Fini” law of 2002) that have tried to regulate the phenomenon and, more recently, appease growing anti-immigrant sentiment. Political parties such as the Lega Nord/Northern League (LN) have capitalized on some of the social problems worsened by the recent migratory wave (petty criminality, prostitution, etc.) to campaign against the multicultural society more generally. On the other hand, in many cities, language and job-training programs are available, as are municipal centers to offer assistance in finding housing and in adjusting to Italian life. Although the political parties of the right dislike immigration, there is little doubt that Italy needs to accommodate itself to the reality of becoming a less homogeneous society. Italy has one of the lowest demographic growth rates in the world and needs migration to maintain its standard of living.
   See also Population.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • immigration — [ imigrasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1768; de immigrer ♦ Entrée dans un pays de personnes non autochtones qui viennent s y établir, généralement pour y trouver un emploi. Immigration permanente et immigration temporaire. Courant, mouvement d immigration. Lois… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • immigration — im‧mi‧gra‧tion [ˌɪmˈgreɪʆn] noun [uncountable] 1. the process of entering another country, state etc in order to live there: • In the past, California has had the highest rate of immigration. compare emigration ˌnet immiˈgration the amount by… …   Financial and business terms

  • immigration — I noun admission of foreigners, adventus, change of national location, colonization, entry of aliens, establishment of foreign residence, expatriation, foreign influx, incoming population, ingress, migration, movement of population,… …   Law dictionary

  • Immigration — Im mi*gra tion, n. [Cf. F. immigration.] The act of immigrating; the passing or coming into a country for the purpose of permanent residence. [1913 Webster] The immigrations of the Arabians into Europe. T. Warton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • immigration — (n.) 1650s, from IMMIGRATE (Cf. immigrate) + ION (Cf. ion). As short for immigration authorities, from 1966 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Immigration — (lat.), Einwanderung; immigrieren, einwandern; Immigrant, Einwanderer …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Immigration — Immigration, Einwanderung ⇒ Gastrulation …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • Immigration — er et fremmedord for indvandring …   Danske encyklopædi

  • immigration — emigration (see under EMIGRANT) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Immigration — [Network (Rating 5600 9600)] Auch: • Einwanderung …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • immigration — [im΄ə grā′shən] n. 1. an act or instance of immigrating 2. the number of immigrants entering a country or region during a specified period …   English World dictionary

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